Gum disease can be grueling to deal with, but modern dentistry continues to evolve, which has allowed people to get through its different stages. Just like with any other disease, gum disease also has stages, which begin more mildly and end up being pretty severe. Most people are aware that gum disease is serious, but they…
Gum Disease: Bleeding Gums Is Common
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is characterized by an infection in the tissues surrounding the teeth. People with bleeding gums or other symptoms may be wondering if they have developed gum disease; therefore, it is advised to schedule a consultation with a dentist. Frequently, gum disease is painless and can only be found during a routine checkup with a dental professional. Learn information about gum disease and how to prevent it.
Basic information about gum disease
Plaque is the sticky substance that forms on the teeth from food and drink that is consumed each day. Daily brushing and flossing go a long way in preventing gum disease; however, it is almost impossible to completely eliminate plaque. Antibacterial toothpaste and mouth rinse help remove bacteria, but it is necessary to visit a dental professional to remove stubborn plaque.
There are three stages of gum disease. The first stage of gum disease, called gingivitis, begins when plaque persists on the teeth. Patients may notice swollen, red, or bleeding gums. The second stage of gum disease, periodontitis, is when a pocket forms below the gumline, allowing plaque to grow and penetrate the bone and tissue. Advanced periodontitis is the third stage of gum disease. Common symptoms of the final stage include shifting teeth, damaged bone, and a misaligned bite.
What to do if gum disease is suspected
Bleeding and swollen gums can be caused by a variety of factors, including medications, pregnancy, smoking, and poorly-fitted dental appliances. While it is common for gums to bleed with gum disease, it is essential to visit a dentist to determine the cause.
During a consultation a dentist will professionally clean the teeth by removing plaque and tartar. If patients have advanced signs of gum disease, then additional treatments such as scaling and root planing are available. Scaling is when the dentist removes hardened plaque above and below the gum line. Planing is a process that involves smoothing out the tooth roots to assist in reattachment to the teeth.
Preventing gum disease
The American Dental Association reports that over 45% of adults in the United States have chronic periodontitis. Fortunately, there is a simple way to prevent this disease: daily brushing and flossing and regular visits to the dentist. Patients who catch gum disease in its early stages will have more favorable outcomes. Consequently, good oral health and professional cleanings at least twice a year are effective methods for removing the plaque and tartar that can lead to gingivitis and the more advanced stages of gum disease.
Bleeding gums are a common sign of gum disease; however, it is essential to visit a dental professional to identify the exact cause. The good news about gum disease is that it is largely preventable. Patients who practice good oral care habits at home and regularly visit a dentist will help reduce plaque regrowth and prevent the incidence of gum disease.
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